1.Our surroundings are being polluted faster than the nature and man's present efforts cannot prevent it. Time is bringing us more people, and more people will bring us more industry, more cars, larger cities, and growing use of man-made materials.
What can explain and solve this problem? The fact is that the pollution is caused by man — by his desire for a modern way of life. We make "increasing industrialization" our chief aim. So we are often ready to offer everything: clean air, pure water, good food, our health and the future of our children. There is a constant flow of people from the countryside into the cities, eager for the benefits of our modern society. But as our technological achievements have grown in the last twenty years, pollution has become a serious problem.
Is it time we stopped to ask ourselves where we are going and why? It makes one think of the story about the airline pilot who told his passengers over the loud-speaker: "I've some good news and some bad news. The good news is that we're making rapid progress at 530 miles per hour. The bad news is that we're lost and don't know where we're going." The sad fact is that this becomes a true story when we speak of our modern society.
Phrases and Expressions
way of life 供应
eager for 渴望
be ready to do sth. 准备好做某事
make rapid progress 取得快速进展
constant flow of people 持续不断的人流
speak of 谈论，谈及
1.Man cannot prevent the world from being polluted because____________.
A. the pollution of the world is increasingly fast
B. people use too many man-made materials
C. we have more industry
D. we are producing more cars, trucks and buses
2.People crowd into the cities for____________.
A. they want very much to find well-paid jobs
B. they are anxious to enjoy the achievements of our society
C. they have become tired of their homeland
D. they have a strong wish to become industrial workers
3.According to the passage, what does man value （看重） most among the following?
C. Clean air.
D. The future of the children.
4.The story about the airline pilot tells us that____________.
A. man knows where the society is going
B. people do not welcome the rapid development of modern society
C. man can do little about the problem of pollution
D. the writer is worried about the future of our society
5.Which of the following is NOT mentioned in the passage?
A. With the development of technology, pollution has become a serious problem.
B. Lower the speed of development to stop pollution.
C. It's time we did something to reduce pollution.
D. As industry is growing fast, pollution is the natural result.
2.(A卷)For ages, sailors have said that it is good luck to see dolphins swimming alongside boats. Their presence meant that land was near, which would be vital information if a boat and her crew were in danger. Some dolphins have even protected shipwrecked sailors from sharks. It is no wonder that these unique and fascinating creatures have long been known as our friends.
You may think dolphins are fish, but they are actually mammals. They are related to whales and porpoises, and they evolved around 10 million years ago. Dolphins breathe air, give birth to live young, and feed them milk. They are social animals, living together in groups ranging in size of up to 12.In places rich in food, many schools can combine together to form schools of up to 1,000 dolphins.
Dolphins are thought to be intelligent animals because of their playfulness, curiosity, and quick ability to learn. They seem to communicate with each other through a combination of squeaks, whistles, and clicks. While scientists don't know what they are going on about, it is thought that dolphins are telling each other that food is nearby, or warning each other of approaching danger. Dolphins use sonar to discover an object's size, shape, and location. By sending out a series of clicks and receiving the echo that bounces off the object, they can differentiate between a shark and a boat.
Unfortunately, dolphins have faced increasing danger in recent years. Fishermen in pursuit of profitable tuna may accidentally trap dolphins in their nets, killing them in the process. These intelligent mammals of the sea deserve our protection and respect.
Phrases and Expressions
be in danger 处于险境
differentiate between 区分，区别
be rich in 富含
in pursuit of 追求
a series of 一连串
in the process 在过程中
bounce off 反射
1.Dolphins have been human's friends because of ____________.
A.sailors may know that the land is not far away
B.some dolphins protect sailors from shark attacks
C. sailors can communicate with them
D. both A and B
2.Which of the following statement about dolphin is not true?
A.Dolphins lay eggs under the sea.
B. Dolphins can communicate with each other by sending out sounds.
C.Dolphins have abilities to learn.
D. Dolphins prefer to live in groups up to hundreds.
3.How do dolphins communicate with one another?
A. Through radio waves.
B. By sending out gases.
C. By clapping their fins together.
D. Through various noises.
4.According to the article, what makes a threat to dolphins?
5.What is the main idea of the last paragraph?
A. Fishermen accidentally trap dolphins.
B. We should take some actions to stop killing dolphins.
C. Dolphins often live with tunas.
D. More and more dolphins are in danger in the recent years.
3.More than how much money comes in it's a matter of how you spend it. That's where budgeting comes in. A detailed budget helps you keep tabs on your income. There are many people who are able to live comfortably on what they earn, even if their income is modest. A budget, therefore, keeps track of income and expenses. It will segregate your fixed expenses like your food, stay and insurance and your variable expenses like your travel, entertainment, etc.
Adequate insurance for you and your family is an essential part of investing. Life, health and property insurance protect you and your loved ones from unforeseen mishaps. It is also wise to make a will so that your assets can be handled smoothly.
Good personal finance management involves investing, managing risk, insurance, understanding and handling debt and credit, knowing the value of time and money and ensuring that your retirement is taken care of. While planning you make an assessment of your present situation in relation to your goals. Managing personal finances becomes a hassle when you get into debt. Debt is what you owe, and can be good and bad. If you have borrowed money to buy property, it is an investment and the money you pay against interest on the loan is tax deductible. But running up debts like overdue credit cards is not good. This is why budgeting is very important so that you know exactly where your money is going. It is very easy to lose track of what you spend without a budget.
There are multiple ways to invest and save for the future. The crux of the matter is to keep in mind your sources of income and account for your expenses, while keeping a budget that is feasible. Periodical review keeps you in control of your personal finance.
Phrases and Expressions
make a will 立遗嘱
keep in mind 牢记
in relation to 与…… 有关
account for 解释，说明
lose track of 无法找到，失去联系
keeps ... in control of 控制
1.The word "modest" in Para.1 probably means "____________".
2.How many ways of finance management does the author mainly mention?
3.What's the essential part of investing for a family?
A. Sources of income.
B. Various expenses.
C. Adequate insurance.
D. Detailed budget.
4.How does the author think of debt?
A. It's completely bad.
B. It's both good and bad.
C. It's wonderful.
D. It's not mentioned.
5.What does this passage mainly talk about?
A. How to manage money.
B. How to spend money.
C. How to invest money.
D. How to loan money.
4.Some people believe that international sport creates goodwill between the nations and that if countries play games together they will learn to live together. Others say that the opposite is true: that international contests encourage false national pride and lead to misunderstanding and hatred. There is probably some truth in both arguments, but in recent years the Olympic Games have done little to support the view that sports encourage international brotherhood. Not only was there the tragic incident involving the murder of athletes, but the Games were also ruined by lesser incidents caused principally by minor national contests.
One country received its second-place medals with visible indignation after the hockey final. There had been noisy scenes at the end of the hockey match, the losers objecting to final decisions. They were convinced that one of their goals should not have been disallowed and that their opponents' victory was unfair. Their manager was in a rage when he said, “This wasn’t hockey. Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished.” The president of the Federation said later that such behavior could result in the suspension of the team for at least two years.
The American basketball team announced that they would not yield first place to Russia, after a disputable end to their contest. The game had ended in disturbance. It was thought at first that the United States had won, by a single point, but it was announced that there were three seconds still to play. A Russian player then threw the ball from one end of the court to the other, and another player propped it into the basket. It was the first time the USA had ever lost an Olympic basketball match. An appeal jury debated the matter for four and a half hours before announcing that the result would stand. The American players then voted not to receive the silver medals.
Incidents of this kind will continue as long as sport is played competitively rather than for the love of the game. The suggestion that athletes should compete as individuals, or in non-national teams, might be too much to hope for. But in the present organization of the Olympics there is far too much that encourages aggressive patriotism.
Phrases and Expressions
lead to 导致，通向
result in 导致
in a rage 一怒之下
as long as 只要, 在……的时候
1.According to the author, recent Olympic Games have____________.
A. created goodwill between the nations
B. bred only false national pride
C. barely showed any international friendship
D. led to more and more misunderstanding and hatred
2.What did the manager mean by saying "... Hockey and the International Hockey Federation are finished."?
A. His team would no longer take part in the international games.
B. Hockey and the Federation are both ruined by the unfair decisions.
C. There should be no more hockey matches organized by the Federation.
D. The Federation should be dissolved.
3.The basketball example implied that____________.
A. too much patriotism was displayed in the incident
B. the announcement to prolong the match was wrong
C. the appeal jury was too hesitant in making the decision
D. the American team was right in rejecting the silver medals
4.The author gives the two examples in Paragraph 2 and 3 to show____________.
A. how false national pride led to undesirable incidents in international games
B. that sportsmen have been more obedient than they used to be
C. that competitiveness in the games discourages international friendship
D. that unfair decisions are common in Olympic Games
5.What conclusion can be drawn from the passage?
A. The organization of the Olympic Games must be improved.
B. Athletes should compete as individuals in the Olympic Games.
C. Sport should be played competitively rather than for the love of the game.
D. International contests are liable for misunderstanding between nations.